The very presence of light dispels darkness. by C. John Collins. The immediate result was light; removed by a greater interval was the formation of an open space round the contracting earth-ball; still more remote was the formation of continents and oceans; but the separations must have commenced immediately that the “wind of Elohim” began to brood upon and move the chaotic mass. Occurs twice. Good it is surely, and a goodly creature: "sweet," saith Solomon; [Ecclesiastes 11:7] "comfortable," saith David. But for me that was the most interesting part, and so I will limit my remarks to this subject. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. It implies that the created thing is distinct from the creating Being, and external to Him. [2 Peter 2:13] It was a shame that it should be said, There was never less wisdom in Greece, than in the time of the seven wise men of Greece. As will be discussed in detail below, these verses either present a historical account, or make It is a dismal history that includes the Fall (chapter 3), the murder of Abel (4:1-16), wickedness and the Flood (chapters 6-8), Noah's nakedness and . (1) A simple factual statement regarding God’s work as Creator. Genesis 1:2). The promise to Abraham and Sarah in Genesis 12:1-4 marks one of the most dramatic transitions in the entire story of the Old Testament. Genesis 48 – Jacob Blesses Joseph’s Sons A. Jacob calls for his sons. And who knows what will come of that! - Moveover he foresaw, so one renders it. God saw the light, &c. — He beheld it with approbation, as being exactly what he designed it to be, pleasant and useful, and perfectly adapted to answer its intended end. (Calmet) --- While our hemisphere enjoys the day, the other half of the world is involved in darkness. The relation of good and evil has a place and an application in the physical world, but it ascends through all the grades of the intellectual and the moral. Comfort in Remembering God's Judgments of … This refutes the doctrine of the two principles, the one good and the other evil, which the Persian sages have devised in order to account for the presence of moral and physical evil along with the good in the present condition of our world. Oh, the power of the word of God! Exodus 10:21-23; 1 Samuel 2:9; Job 3:4-5; Psalm 35:6; Joel 2:2). 4And God saw the light Here God is introduced by Moses as surveying his work, that he might take pleasure in it. And God saw the light that it was good.] 1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. b. Jesus quoted Genesis as if it were a purely historical record (Matthew 19:4-6 and 23:35). Genesis 6:1-4 fascinates many Bible readers because of the mysterious identity of both “the sons of God” and the Nephilim. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. - Abram cheerfully followed the call of the Lord, and "departed as the Lord had spoken to him." Genesis 1:4 is the fourth verse of the first chapter in the Genesis.It is the response to God's command in verse 3, "Let there be light. Genesis 1:4 King James Version (KJV). Darkness was not a creation like light but the absence of light (cf. In Genesis 6:1,2 this division is clearly recognized by referring to those who followed the Lord as "sons of God" and to the rest of humanity as "men." App-5. But we can see thatGenesis is a very old book. And he wasnot merely recording ancient history. Besides, the relationship between sun, moon, and the earth did not appear until the fourth day, and this is the first day. Genesis 3:7-15 The Way Back To God; Genesis 3:16-24 The Consequences Of The Fall; Genesis 4:1-15 Cain And Abel; Genesis 4:16-26 The Godly and Ungodly Lines; Genesis 5:1-27 Adams Book First, Genesis 2:4 uses the term “created” (bara) which matches the language of Genesis 1:1, 21, 27. Lewis wrote that when he heard a Biblical scholar claim the Genesis creation account was a myth, he didn’t want to know about the man’s credentials as a Biblical scholar. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible Genesis 1:4. It is, however, even more probable that the ultimate results of each creative word are summed up in the account given of it. God has thus divided between light and darkness, because he would daily impress upon our minds that this is a world of mixture and changes. There is an ancient tradition that Moses wasthe author. True Believers: Upright in Principle. Genesis 1:4 And God saw the light, that [it was] good: and God divided the light from the darkness. c 4 God saw that the light was good. THE CONTEXT Genesis 1-11 tells the story of human history from the beginning to Abram. Genesis 1-4 by C. John Collins. Genesis 12:4 says, “So Abram left, as the LORD had told him; and Lot went with him. [1 Corinthians 5:1] For what fellowship hath light with darkness? 3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And surely it could not be more properly applied than at the first, to that light, which, as Cowley calls it, is, "Active Nature's watchful life and health, Her joy, her ornament, and wealth.". And in the new creation, the first thing that is wrought in the soul is light: the blessed Spirit works upon the will and affections by … ", "And God divided the light from the darkness ...", and God divided the light from the darkness, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. That form of the judgement which takes cognizance of moral distinctions is of so much importance as to have received a distinct name, - the conscience, or moral sense. Genesis 1 is nothing less than a bare-bones claim that God created the universe. Psalms 104:31) also condemns all Manichæan theories, and asserts that this world is a noble home for man, and life a blessing, in spite of its solemn responsibilities. or such "spots," σπιλοι χαι μωμοι, among saints, as "count it pleasure to riot in the daytime?" And we do not knowwhen that person wrote the book. Genesis: An Expositional Commentary. Very pleasant and delightful, useful and beneficial; that is, he foresaw it would be good, of great service, as PicherellusF11In Cosmopoeiam, p. 267. interprets it; for as yet there were no inhabitants of the earth to receive any advantage by it; see Ecclesiastes 11:7 besides, it was doubtless good to answer some present purposes, to prepare for the work of the two following days, before the great luminary was formed; as to dispel the darkness of heaven, and that which covered the deep; to rarefy, exhale, and draw up the lighter parts of the chaos, in order to form the wide extended ether, the expanded air, and the surrounding atmosphere, while the Spirit of God was agitating the waters, and separating them from the earthy parts; and which also might serve to unite and harden those which were to form the dry land, and also to warm that when it appeared, that it might bring forth grass, herbs, and fruit trees: and God divided the light from the darkness: by which it should seem that they were mixed together, the particles of light and darkness; but "by what way is the light parted", severed and divided from darkness, is a question put to men by the Lord himself, who only can answer it, Job 38:24 he has so divided one from the other that they are not together at the same place and time; when light is in one hemisphere, darkness is in the otherF12Milton in the place above referred to says, it was divided by the hemisphere. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Genesis 1-4 : A Linguistic, Literary, and Theological Commentary by C. John Collins (2005, Perfect) at the best online prices at eBay! c. C.S. Removal to Canaan. What, then, is the significance of these verses to the beliefs of the Christian? 4. Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. * 1 In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth a — 2 * and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters— b 3 Then God said: Let there be light, and there was light. Genesis 2:5-25 The First Man; Genesis 3:1-6 The Origin and Fact of the First Human Sin; Genesis 3:6 Why Did God Permit Sin? Biblical Commentary Genesis 12:1-4a EXEGESIS: GENESIS 1-11. hosek) in Scripture often connotes evil (cf. And we ought not so to understand the words of Moses as if God did not know that his work was good, till it was finished. There were giants.] And God divided between the light and the darkness, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. This not only reveals aspects of the Creator"s character, but it also prepares the reader for the tragedy of the Fall (ch3). The division on the first day does not imply that darkness has a separate and independent existence, but that there were now periods of light and darkness; and thus by the end of the first day our earth must have advanced far on its way towards its present state. 3 And God said,(J)“Let there be light,” and there was light. The world, which now is a palace, would have been a dungeon without it. Sadly, many modern theologians pay little attention to this passage because they hold the pedestrian view that “the sons of God” refers to the godly line of Seth. No sooner did motion begin, than the separation of the air and water from the denser particles must have begun too. As both a scientist and a Hebrew scholar, Collins fully enters into this thicket, examining how later intertestamental and New Testament writers shaped a Christian worldview. God saw the light, &c. — He beheld it with approbation, as being exactly what he designed it to be, pleasant and useful, and perfectly adapted to answer its intended end. (See Note, Genesis 1:5.) For whereas man ought to apply all his senses to the admiring contemplation of the works of God, (56) we see what license he really allows himself in detracting from them. Occurs 7 times in Introduction. 7. l. 243, &c. ; and the one by certain constant revolutions is made to succeed the other; and by the motion of the one, the other gives way; as well as also God has divided and distinguished them by calling them by different names, as Aben Ezra, and is what next follows: divided the light from darkness — refers to the alternation or succession of the one to the other, produced by the daily revolution of the earth round its axis. (Genesis 1:1–6:8) The verse states that the light was good, and that God divided or separated the light from the darkness (see list of translations below). God Sees that His Work Is Good (Genesis 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25, 31) Back to Table of Contents Back to Table of Contents Against any dualistic notion that heaven is good while earth is bad, Genesis declares on each day of creation that “God saw that it was good” (Gen. 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25). (See Note, Genesis 1:5.) But the repeated approval by the Deity of each part and portion of this material universe (comp. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. This no doubt refers to the vicissitudes of day and night, as we learn from the following verse: and God divided the light from the darkness: by which it should seem that they were mixed together, the particles of light and darkness; but "by what way is the light parted", severed and divided from darkness, is a question put to men by the Lord himself, who only can answer it, Job 38:24 he has so divided one from the other that they are not together at the same place and time; when light is in one hemisphere, darkness is in the other (l); and the one by certain constant revolutions is made to succeed the other; and by the motion of the one, the other gives way; as well as also God has divided and distinguished them by calling them by different names, as Aben Ezra, and is what next follows: (k) In Cosmopoeiam, p. 267. St. Augustine supposes the fall and punishment of the apostate angels are here insinuated. Even the oldest books in the Bible refer to it (forexample, Exodus 3:15; Job 28:25-29). In Day Six, both “male and female” are created (Gen. 1:27), and Genesis … Divided between the light and between the darkness. His age is given, because a new period in the history of mankind commenced with his exodus. - God then separates light and darkness, by assigning to each its relative position in time and space. 1. Free shipping for many products! How far these separations had advanced before there were recurrent periods of light and darkness is outside the scope of the Divine narrative, which is not geological, but religious. It was inevitable that in the creation of all things there were countless facts about it that were incapable of being revealed to the finite intelligence of mortal man. Second, Genesis 2 fills out the events of Day 6. Genesis 1:4. And God divided . (l) Milton in the place above referred to says, it was divided by the hemisphere. Genesis 6:1-4 speaks of the universal degeneration of man into ungodliness prior to the equally uni-versal, worldwide Flood of Genesis 6-9. Here the moral rectitude of God is vindicated, inasmuch as the work of His power is manifestly good. The intelligence of the Supreme Being, His concern with and His interest in the affairs of His creation, and His personal preference for that which is "good" appear as legitimate deductions from what is revealed here. This is an accessible commentary on the first four chapters of Genesis. 4. The text does not state that God made light visible, but that He created it. The Story of Creation. [2 Corinthians 6:14] Surely none. 352 pages, softcover from P & R. Genesis 1-4: A Linguistic, Literary, and Theological Commentary (9780875526195) by C. John Collins [Psalms 97:11] Which when one made question of - "That’s a blind man’s question," said the philosopher. Though the darkness was now scattered by the light, it has its place, because it has its use: for as the light of the morning befriends the business of the day, so the shadows of the evening befriend the repose of the night. But he does it for our sake, to teach us that God has made nothing without a certain reason and design. (e). In fact, Genesis is a very carefulaccount, which teaches the main principles in … God called him while he was in Mesopotamia; however, Genesis 12:1–4 shows God calling Abraham in Haran after his father’s death. Genesis 1:4. saw. And God divided . The division on the first day does not imply that darkness has a separate and independent existence, but that there were now periods of light and darkness; and thus by the end of the first day our earth must have advanced far on its way towards its present state. On the one hand, it is an orderly, light-filled moment (hence the choice of this text for Epiphany). It therefore contradicts pantheism in all its forms. In the opening verses of Genesis, God exhibits a certain creative style. In Genesis 1-4: A Linguistic, Literary, and Theological Commentary, C. John “Jack” Collins offers a detailed exposition of the Pentateuch’s opening chapters and interacts with key introductory issues such as authorship and provenance. The immediate result was light; removed by a greater interval was the formation of an open space round the contracting earth-ball; still more remote was the formation of continents and oceans; but the separations must have commenced immediately that the “wind of Elohim” began to brood upon and move the chaotic mass. It seems highly improbable that the creation of light merely means the making of light visible upon the earth. —The first three creative days are all days of order and distribution, and have been called “the three separations.” But while on the first two days no new thing was created, but only the chaotic matter (described in Genesis 1:2) arranged, on day three there was the introduction of vegetable life. Greenery and animal life appear. Dr. Collins commentary on Genesis 1-4 is about much more than his view on the days of Genesis 1. —The first three creative days are all days of order and distribution, and have been called “the three separations.” But while on the first two days no new thing was created, but only the chaotic matter (described in Genesis 1:2) arranged, on day three there was the introduction of vegetable life. 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