[57] By the second week of November,[90] it had assembled 8,000–10,000 troops[79] on the southern bank of the Kagera River. Kagera was formally known as the West Lake Region, being renamed after the war between Tanzania and Idi Amin of Uganda. The Uganda–Tanzania War, known in Tanzania as the Kagera War and in Uganda as the 1979 Liberation War, was fought between Uganda and Tanzania from October 1978 until June 1979, and led to the overthrow of Idi Amin‘s regime.. As the saying goes, those who forget their history are bound to repeat it. [24] Kisuule accused Butabika of engineering an incident at the border to create a pretext for invading Tanzania. Ruvyironza River It rises in Burundi, and flows into the Kagera River in Tanzania, and from there into Lake Victoria, the river is 6671 kilometers long. [58] About 2,000 civilians were kidnapped and taken to Uganda. [54] Hampered by their minimal ammunition reserves, the 3rd Battalion had by then retreated south of the river. [11] Personal belongings from homes were taken, especially kitchenware, as were the tin roofs from peasants' houses. [20], War broke out between Uganda and Tanzania in October 1978, with several Ugandan attacks across the border culminating in the invasion of the Kagera Salient. Thousands of them streamed towards the Kagera River in panic. Among them, only the Southern Brigade led by Brigadier James Luhanga, which had just performed well in war games, was ready to be moved to the front line. The river system comprising of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Jefferson rivers, is regarded as the world’s fourth longest river system. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. At 03:00 on 19 November, Tanzanian Lieutenant Colonel Ben Msuya dispatched a contingent to the northern bank to cover a team which was assembling the pontoons. Uganda also disputed its border with Tanzania, claiming that the Kagera Salient—a 1,865 square kilometre (720 sq mi) stretch of land stretch of land between the official border and the Kagera River 29 kilometres (18 mi) to the south—should be ceded to Uganda. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kagera River. They approached the British manager of Kilembe Mines, who agreed to allow one of his civilian staff and his explosives to be utilised. It attacked and seized Mutukula the following day. [60] CCM officials were hunted down and decapitated, and many women and girls were raped. The announcer declared that Ugandan troops had occupied territory in the north-west portion of the country and that the army was preparing a counter-offensive. [26] Of these, several hundred, particularly young women, were abducted and moved to a forced labour camp in Kalisizo. [33] Political scientist Okon Eminue stated that about 200 mutineers "reportedly" took refuge in the Kagera Salient. The region takes its name from the Kagera River, which flows from Rwanda through northern Tanzania before it enters Lake Victoria, to emerge as the Nile, the longest river in the world. [29] The Uganda Army Air Force indiscriminately bombed military and civilian targets during the invasion. [96] On the night of 14 November a few Tanzanian soldiers crossed the river in boats and, finding no Ugandans, returned without incident. [75] Cuban Foreign Minister Isodoro Malmierca called the Ugandan invasion "deplorable" and appealed for an end to the conflict. [52], Meanwhile, in the area surrounding Bukoba, displaced persons from the town and the border region began gathering. Among the incidents identified as possible start points for the war are cases of cattle rustling, tribal tensions, a fight between a Ugandan woman and a Tanzanian woman at a market,[26] and a bar fight between a Ugandan soldier and Tanzanian soldiers or civilians. It was renamed Kagera after the Uganda-Tanzania War, when Idi Amin attempted to annexe it in 1978. The Ugandans attacked again on 30 October, quickly overwhelming the small Tanzanian contingent in the region and completely occupying the Kagera Salient. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Kagera River Bridge on pronouncekiwi. Origin v10.4.74-2505-071fc2df. [22] Obote wrote that the decision to invade Kagera was "a desperate measure to extricate Amin from the consequences of the failure of his own plots against his own army. [136], The Tanzanian Government strengthened its presence in Kagera after the war, bolstering its police station in Kyaka and establishing several others in border towns. [111] Tales of the pillaging and destruction created public outcry and demands for Amin to be overthrown. kagera river pronunciation - How to properly say kagera river. The latter were brought to Mbarara, where they were divided up among Ugandan soldiers and their friends. [58] In total, $108 million worth of economic assets were lost. Article from 5-five-5.blogspot.com. One of its furthest tributaries is the Ruvyironza River, in, which flows into the Kagera River. Tanzania was caught unprepared for war but Nyerere—after being assured by his commanders of his country's military capability to react—ordered a mobilisation and instructed the Tanzania People's Defence Force (TPDF) to prepare a counter-offensive. [138] Smuggling became rampant. About two million years ago, the human family tree split, giving rise to homo habilis, a meat-eating creat… Kagera River Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge The Kagera River, an aa Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, formin pairt o the upper heidwatters o the Nile an carryin watter frae its maist distant soorce. Tanzanian leaders felt that Amin was only making provocations. [79] The governments of Guinea, Mali, Senegal, and several other African states refrained from condemnation, instead calling for a cessation of hostilities and requesting that both sides respect the charter of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The border dispute between the two countries remained after the conflict, but at a low intensity. Kagera definition, a river in equatorial Africa flowing into Lake Victoria from the west: the most remote headstream of the Nile. “If the trace of the railway on the west of the River Kagera between Bugufi and Uganda approaches within 16 kilom. Searching for a fresh start, a nurse practitioner moves from LA to a remote northern California town and is surprised by what -- and who -- she finds. The border had originally been negotiated by British and German colonial officials before World War I. [3] At the same time, Amin expanded the power of the armed forces in his government, placing many soldiers in his cabinet and providing those loyal to him with patronage. A naturalist in Mid-Africa- being an account of a journey to the Mountains of the Moon and Tanganyika (1890) (14596063290).jpg 3.120 × 2.164; 2,15 МБ There are several different variations of this account, which were mostly circulated by non-Ugandan sources. The Kagera River basin, mountainous and dotted with lakes and swamps, lies chiefly in Rwanda and includes Akagera National Park. [56] Commanded by Uganda Army Chief of Staff Yusuf Gowon[26] and equipped with tanks and APCs, the Ugandans only faced ineffectual rifle fire from several dozen members of the Tanzania People's Militia. Today, Akagera Park covers a land area of 1,200 square kilometers and it’s dominated by tiny lakes plus swamps that follow the winding course of River Kagera, which is the most distant headstream of River Nile as well as Lake Victoria’s largest tributary. [32] The New York Times reporter John Darnton pieced together several refugee accounts which suggested that Amin had possibly planned an invasion of Tanzania to purge followers of Adrisi from the military. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. This is dominated by tiny lakes and swamps because of the zigzagging of River Kagera. [1] After initial reports of the attack reached Dar es Salaam, Nyerere convened a meeting with his advisers and TPDF commanders in his beach residence. ... Due to regular floods, the river left sediments of volcanic origin brought from the south in its valley. [17] According to this version of events, Amin ordered the Simba Battalion and the Suicide Battalion to pursue the deserters, resulting in the invasion of Tanzania. Though desiring to annexe part of Tanzania for some time, Amin initially sided with the more cautious commanders. Much of the Kagera is unnavigable; its only port, Kyaka, Tanzania, is served by shallow-draft cargo steamers. In the previous clashes Ugandan soldiers had refrained from firing upon civilians. The basin is shared among 11 riparian states. Name after River Kagera, Akagera park currently covers a land area of 1,200sq kilometers. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Kagera was not present. (HydroWorld 10/20/08) In August, NBI’s Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program (NELSAP) recruited consultants to develop communications and anti-corruption strategies for the proposed 61.5-MW Rusumo Falls hydroelectric project on the Kagera. No examples found, consider adding one please. [135] However, the government prohibited civilians from going to Mutukula, Kakunyu, Bugango, Bubale, and Byeju for security reasons, and established more permanent accommodations for those affected in Kyamulaile, Nyankere, Nsheshe, and Burigi. In early September the Tanzanians reported unusually large numbers of Ugandan patrols near the border—some equipped with armoured personnel carriers—and a high volume of air reconnaissance flights. Mozambique sent a battalion to Tanzania as a gesture of support. The Tanzanian Government denounced the statement as a "complete lie", while foreign observers were unable to reach a consensus on the veracity of the supposed withdrawal. Kagera river arises where the Nyawarong and Ruvuvu streams meet, and then flows around the Great West Rift. the Kagera River watershed, the main affluent of Lake Victoria, which drains into the Nile River. Once the Tanzanian soldiers appeared en masse, the Kagera residents who had been in hiding revealed themselves. [l] He was unsure of his force's ability to repel the Ugandan invasion, but TPDF Chief Abdallah Twalipo was confident that the army could eject the Ugandans from Tanzania. [34] A few surviving mutineers reportedly found shelter in Tanzanian villages. The Tanzanian soldiers found that most of the village's population had been murdered. 2. Kagera Nehri, aynı zamanda Akagera Nehri veya Alexandra Nil olarak da bilinir, Nil'in yukarı kollarının bir bölümünü oluşturan ve Nil'e en uzaktaki kaynaktan su taşıyan bir Doğu Afrika nehridir.:167. Astles telephoned journalists in Nairobi to erroneously report that a large Tanzanian amphibious operation had been foiled by the Uganda Army, and that 300 Tanzanian soldiers had died when their boats overturned and they were attacked by crocodiles. On 25 November the Tanzanians began moving tanks and BM-21 rocket launchers across it. 430 miles (690 km) long. [124] In February Masaka and Mbarara were seized by Tanzanian and Ugandan rebel forces and destroyed with explosives in revenge for the destruction caused by the Ugandans in Kagera. Kagera River It begins in Burundi, flowing out from Lake Rweru. At the same time, Radio Uganda's Kinyankole language broadcasts—which were closely monitored and understood by West Lake residents—severely criticised Nyerere and claimed that Tanzanians wished to fall under Ugandan jurisdiction to escape the former's rule. One MiG crashed and its pilot was taken prisoner,[98] while the other, piloted by Ali Kiiza, managed to return to Entebbe. [70][71] Though they denounced Uganda's actions, Mengistu and Machel attributed its attack on Tanzania as a Western imperialist machination to disrupt the Frontline States' efforts to stop racism in southern Africa. Singano went to a hill near Kyaka from where he witnessed Ugandan artillery open fire. History. [76] United States Secretary of State Cyrus Vance called upon Uganda to withdraw its forces, and in response Amin accused the United States of "interfering in an African dispute with the aim of creating a second Vietnam". With a total length of 597 km (371 mi) from it source located in Lake Rweru in Rwanda. [26][66] Later in the day Tanzanian anti-aircraft units in Musoma accidentally shot down three of their own MiGs that had unexpectedly entered their sector. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. 5 photos of the Kagera. Many Ugandans started to hide anti-Amin insurgents, thereby aiding them in sabotaging the Ugandan war effort by destroying railway lines, electricity supply lines, and petrol stations. [26][o] Nyerere ignored the message. Most of the commanders on the front line and members of the high command ignored the intelligence reports, and instead focused on looting the Kagera Salient. These never arrived, and by October Singano's warnings had become increasingly panicked. [29] According to American journalists Tony Avirgan and Martha Honey, the bar incident occurred on 22 October, when a drunken Ugandan intelligence officer was shot and killed by Tanzanian soldiers after firing on them. Most of the Bukoba men resolved to return to their town to resume work while leaving their families in the countryside. According to this account by historians Tom Cooper and Adrien Fontanellaz, Kiiza was promoted to captain and commander of the MiG-21 squadron after returning to Entebbe. Fun Facts about the name Kagera. [44][f] Stationed in the area around Bumazi,[29] the unit set up its artillery 10 km (6.2 mi) from the Ugandans and fired several shells, causing them to retreat across the border. Factories were instructed to increase output and make goods for military use; the civilian population was warned of possible shortages. Ugandan commanders feared that the bridge could be used in a counter-offensive and thus resolved for it to be destroyed. [104] On 4 December[95] the TPDF's 206th and Southern Brigades secured Mutukula on the Tanzanian side of the border without incident, while the 207th under Brigadier John Butler Walden retook Minziro. Social services in the displaced persons camps were minimal or non-existent. A Tanzanian observation post witnessed the event and contacted Singano via radio, who subsequently ordered his artillery to open fire on Ugandan positions. The Tanzanians did not see him in the darkness. [9] The shakeup strained Amin's narrow base of power in the military that had been declining in the face of the worsening economic situation, which eliminated patronage opportunities. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Meanwhile, Singano petitioned his superiors in Tabora for reinforcements. [54] This attack was code-named the "Kagera Operation",[55] and subsequently referred to as "battle of Kagera" in Ugandan propaganda. Realising the veracity of Singano's warnings in light of the action, Tanzanian commanders dispatched a six-strong anti-aircraft team equipped with SA-7 shoulder-fired heat-seeking missiles from Tabora to the front. [143] The Tanzanian village of Bunazi was renamed Operation Chakaza in honour of the counter-offensive that expelled Ugandan troops from Kagera. A naturalist in Mid-Africa- being an account of a journey to the Mountains of the Moon and Tanganyika (1890) (14596063290).jpg 3,120 × 2,164; 2.15 MB The attack on Bukoba caused minimal damage, while the two planes that targeted Mwanza were hit by anti-aircraft fire. According to him, most Uganda Army units held out during the artillery bombardment "for some time". The Kagera River flows into the east and creates an area with lakes, swamps and afforestation. [58] On 2 November Nyerere declared war on Uganda. et Valdava osa järve sissevoolust annab Tansaania jõgi Kagera, mis saab oma vee Ruanda mägedest. [77] The United Kingdom, upset with Amin's hostility to its interests and what it perceived as an attack on a fellow member of the British Commonwealth, condemned the invasion and put pressure on British oil companies to sever trade with Uganda. The Tanzanians organised a counter-offensive later in November and successfully ejected the Ugandan forces from their country. Cultural history. The river has a length of approximately 400 km and runs from the border between Rwanda and Tanzania and flows into Lake Victoria. [19] Other versions attribute the mutinies to elements of the Chui Battalion or the Suicide Battalion. [17] A Ugandan soldier interviewed by Drum asserted that the initial actions of the invasion were in fact a three-way fight between loyalist Uganda Army soldiers, Ugandan deserters, and Tanzanian border guards, with most of the deserters and a number of Tanzanians being killed. Though the land between the river and Bukoba was left virtually undefended by the TPDF's withdrawal, Marajani ordered the Uganda Army to halt its advance at the north end of the bridge. [8] In 1977 a split in the Uganda Army developed between supporters of Amin and soldiers loyal to the Vice-President of Uganda, Mustafa Adrisi, who held significant power in the government and wanted to purge foreigners from the military. [95] The Tanzanians later claimed to have captured some Libyan radio technicians during Operation Chakaza. From the lake, it flows east along the Rwanda-Burundi and Rwanda-Tanzania borders to a confluence with the Ruvubu River. Foreign diplomats familiar with Amin dismissed accusations of a Tanzanian invasion as a "smokescreen". [58] The Ugandan official press declared that the area had been seized in 25 minutes. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Most of the beneficiaries of his actions were Muslim northerners, particularly those of Nubian and Sudanese extract, who were increasingly recruited into the army. add example. Sign in to disable ALL ads. The name of Kagera gives you a very sensitive, intuitive nature, causing you to be motivated. Most Ugandan soldiers fled in the face of artillery bombardment, and Amin soon thereafter declared that he was unconditionally withdrawing the Uganda Army from Kagera, a claim which was bitterly contested by Tanzania. [10] In May, Amin falsely claimed that Tanzanian troops had attacked the Rakai District. [43], The invasion came at a time when Tanzania's economy was showing signs of recovery from a severe drought in 1974–1975. It was renamed Kagera after the Uganda-Tanzania War, when Idi Amin attempted to annexe it in 1978. 5 photos of the Kagera. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Kagera River Basin Organization".Found in 7 ms. The following day, representatives of the OAU flew to Kampala to speak with Amin and try and reach a solution. [51] The Tanzanian missile team moved to Kyaka, from where they successfully shot down a MiG. [118] They were "not happy" when they saw killed Tanzanians during the invasion's early stages,[119] and "pleased" with the Tanzanian victories during the invasion's later stages. The Kagera River, also Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, forming part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and carrying water from its most distant source. The proposed Kagera TFCA lies along the Kagera River, which is a natural boundary between Tanzania, Rwanda and Uganda. This category has only the following subcategory. [1] The TPDF requisitioned buses and trucks from state and private enterprises to alleviate the problem, promising compensation to business owners if their vehicles were damaged or destroyed under their use. Listen to the audio pronunciation in several English accents. [3] Uganda twice launched military attacks against the Tanzanian border that year. He then ordered the Marine Regiment and new recruits to crush the uprising, but they failed. November 2019. The section of river named Kagera begins in Burundi, flowing out from Lake Rweru. [49], The sound of gunfire could be heard from Bukoba, and Tanzanian civilians in the West Lake region became increasingly anxious about the situation. The river has a length of approximately 400 km and runs from the border between Rwanda and Tanzania and flows into Lake Victoria. Already 6 thousand. Marajani reported heavy resistance despite the fact that all TPDF personnel had withdrawn from the border area. Be warned. Show algorithmically generated translations. One soldier was killed and three wounded when they accidentally detonated a mine, but by 12:00 all of the other mines had been removed. In its middle course northward it is the boundary between Tanzania and Rwanda; turning eastward, it forms the boundary between Tanzania and Uganda for some distance and then During the same time, relations between Tanzania and Kenya grew sour, and the East African Community subsequently collapsed. [92] The Ugandan Government announced in late November that it had withdrawn all forces from the Kagera Salient and that all fighting had ceased. It was equipped with 120-millimetre (4.7 in) mortars, a 122-millimetre (4.8 in) howitzer, and a few 85-millimetre (3.3 in) guns. On 20 November Tanzanian patrols began exploring the area along the northern bank of the Kagera River, discovering dead civilians and destroyed property left by the Uganda Army. For a period of about five centuries Kagera Region were split into nine different kingdoms with a highly hierarchical society. [126] The city fell on 11 April and Amin was deposed. The part of the river known as Kagera has its origins in Burundi and flows out of Lake Rweru. [42] Singano could see the invasion from the high ground in Kyaka, but held his artillery fire for fear of harming fleeing civilians. The Kagera River, which flows into Lake Victoria near the Tanzanian town of Bukoba, is the longest feeder, although sources do not agree on which is the longest tributary of the Kagera and hence the most distant source of the Nile itself. Africa when brother turned against brother commanders feared that the area of Lake Victoria, which is natural! 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