Ito ay may lawak na 1 bilyong acre at isa sa pinaka-malaking mga imperyo sa panahon nito at ang kailanman pinakamalaki sa subkontinenteng Indiano. Dinastiyang Tang 618-907 C.E Li-Yuan (o Tai Cong), dating opisyal ng Sui na nag-alsa laban sa dinastiyia sa mga … , Bindusara's life has not been documented as well as that of his father Chandragupta or of his son Ashoka. As a young man he is said to have met Alexander. The reason for the first revolt was the maladministration of Susima, his eldest son. Rangarajan, M. (2001) India's Wildlife History, pp 8. Although the extent of their successes against indigenous powers such as the Shungas, Satavahanas, and Kalingas are unclear, what is clear is that Scythian tribes, renamed Indo-Scythians, brought about the demise of the Indo-Greeks from around 70 BCE and retained lands in the trans-Indus, the region of Mathura, and Gujarat. Sir John Marshall (1990), "A Guide to Sanchi", Eastern Book House.  According to the Mahavamsa, Bindusara reigned for 28 years. Ng pumanaw si Shamshi-Addad I: - Nagsimulang bumagsak ang imperyo - Ang hilagang bahagi ng Ashur ay naging bukas sa pananalakay - 1120 B.C.E – Tiglath-Piliser I kinilala siyang pinakamahusay na hari sa Assyria, ay nagawang supilin ng mga Hittite at maabot baybayin ng Mediterranean.  Archaeologically, the period of Mauryan rule in South Asia falls into the era of Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW).  According to the 12th century Jain writer Hemachandra's Parishishta-Parvan, the name of Bindusara's mother was Durdhara. Later fragments of stone pillars, including one nearly complete, with their round tapering shafts and smooth polish, indicate that Ashoka was responsible for the construction of the stone columns which replaced the earlier wooden ones. The Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath is the national emblem of the modern Republic of India. Chandragupta was taken to Taxila by Chanakya and was tutored about statecraft and governing. Pagkatatag •Noong 322 B.C.E., nasakop ni Chandragupta Maurya ang dating kaharian ng Magadha at tinungo ang mga naiwang lupain ni Alexander. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. Ito ay may hababng 1,000 milya na bumabagtas sa Kashmir patungong kapatagan ng Pakistan. , Megasthenes mentions military command consisting of six boards of five members each, (i) Navy (ii) military transport (iii) Infantry (iv) Cavalry with Catapults(v) Chariot divisions and (vi) Elephants. Pagkatatag • Noong 322 BCE, nasakop ni Chandragupta Maurya ang dating kaharian ng Magadha at tinungo ang mga naiwang lupain ni Alexander. Chandragupta first emerges in Greek accounts as "Sandrokottos". Tinangkilik at itinaguyod ni Ashoka ang pagpapalaganap ng Budismo sa Sri Lanka, Timog silangang Asya, Kanlurang Asya at Europang Mediterraneo, Ang populasyon ng imperyogn Maurya ay tinatayang mga 50 hanggang 60 milyong na gumagawa sa imperyong ito na isa sa pinakamataong mga imperyo sa panahong ito.. Ang kabisera ng imperyong ito ay sa Pataliputra (modernong Patna). Chanakya continued to serve as prime minister during his reign. And Theophrastus says that some contrivances are of wondrous efficacy in such matters [as to make people more amorous]. Ashoka sent many Buddhist missions to West Asia, Greece and South East Asia, and commissioned the construction of monasteries and schools, as well as the publication of Buddhist literature across the empire. 45 Tauhan: * * * Tauhan: * * Aral na Natutuhan: * Gawain 8. The head of the provincial administration was the Kumara (royal prince), who governed the provinces as king's representative. ... Sa tulong nito ay maipapakita ang pagbabago ng datos gamit ang line graph? Umusbong ang kabihasnan ng mga kalapit lugar sa Mesopotamia c. Umunlad ang kabihasnang Arabic Islamic d. Sumalakay ang mga Turks a. abcd b. bcda c. cdab d.dabc ____ ___30.Sa imperyong ito napaunlad ang number symbols, natutong magisterilisa ng mga gamit sa panlinis sa sugat, pagsasagawa ng operasyon. - e-edukasyon.ph  Although Ashoka's army succeeded in overwhelming Kalinga forces of royal soldiers and civilian units, an estimated 100,000 soldiers and civilians were killed in the furious warfare, including over 10,000 of Ashoka's own men. Sa kanluran, ito ay sumakop ng lagpas sa modernong Pakistan na nagdagdag ng Balochistan, timog silangang mga bahagi ng Iran at karamihan ng ngayong Afghanistan kabilang ang modernong mga probinsiyang Herat at Kandahar. , Ashoka implemented principles of ahimsa by banning hunting and violent sports activity and ending indentured and forced labor (many thousands of people in war-ravaged Kalinga had been forced into hard labour and servitude). Wherever medical herbs suitable for humans or animals are not available, I have had them imported and grown. The Mauryan army then conquered the satraps established by the Macedonians. BANGHAY ARALIN SA ARALIN PANLIPUNAN 7 ( SINAUNANG PAMUMUHAY NG MGA ASYANO) 7 – A (SETYEMBRE 11, 2018 - 10:00 – 11:00) 7 – D (SETYEMBRE 10, 2018 - 9:10 – 11:00) I. Layunin a. Nakakikilala sa mga sinaunang imperyo sa Kanlurang Asya b. Nakakapag – uri ng iba’t – ibang kagamitan na naipasa ng mga tao mula sa Kanlurang Asya. Empayar ini yang berasal dari kerajaan Magadha di dataran Indo-Ganges ( Bihar moden, Uttar Pradesh timur dan Bengal ) di sebelah timur subbenua India , berpusat di ibu kota Pataliputra ( Patna moden). View the profiles of people named Ng Maurya. However, Chanakya was insulted by the Emperor Dhana Nanda, of the Nanda dynasty and Chanakya swore revenge and vowed to destroy the Nanda Empire. Chanakya managed to win over popular sentiment. , Chandragupta renounced his throne and followed Jain teacher Bhadrabahu. On one hand, a number of ancient Indian accounts, such as the drama Mudrarakshasa (Signet ring of Rakshasa – Rakshasa was the prime minister of Magadha) by Vishakhadatta, describe his royal ancestry and even link him with the Nanda family. These accounts are corroborated by Tamil sangam literature which mentions about Mauryan invasion with their south Indian allies and defeat of their rivals at Podiyil hill in Tirunelveli district in present-day Tamil Nadu. contributions of imperial amorites. Seleucus I Nicator, the Macedonian satrap of the Asian portion of Alexander's former empire, conquered and put under his own authority eastern territories as far as Bactria and the Indus (Appian, History of Rome, The Syrian Wars 55), until in 305 BCE he entered into a confrontation with Emperor Chandragupta: Always lying in wait for the neighbouring nations, strong in arms and persuasive in council, he [Seleucus] acquired Mesopotamia, Armenia, 'Seleucid' Cappadocia, Persis, Parthia, Bactria, Arabia, Tapouria, Sogdia, Arachosia, Hyrcania, and other adjacent peoples that had been subdued by Alexander, as far as the river Indus, so that the boundaries of his empire were the most extensive in Asia after that of Alexander. Reference: "India: The Ancient Past" p.113, Burjor Avari, Routledge, Thomas Mc Evilly "The shape of ancient thought", Allworth Press, New York, 2002, p.368, largest political entity that has existed in the Indian subcontinent, List of largest empires that existed in India, India, the Ancient Past: A History of the Indian Sub-continent from C. 7000 BC to AD 1200, "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires", "The Minister Cāṇakya, from the Pariśiṣtaparvan of Hemacandra", https://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.001.0001/acprof-9780198077244-chapter-7, "Plutarch, Alexander, chapter 1, section 1", "Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (eds. Ito ay nagmula mula sa kaharian ng Magadha sa mga kapatagang Indo-Gangetiko(modernong Bihar), silanganing Uttar Prades at Bengal sa silanganing panig ng subkontinenteng Indiyano.  It was later conquered by his son Ashoka, who served as the viceroy of Ujjaini during his father's reign, which highlights the importance of the town. Sa imperyong ito napaunlad ang number symbols, natutong mag-isterilisa ng mga gamit sa panlinis sa sugat, pagsasagawa ng operasyon. Sandrocottus, when he was a stripling, saw Alexander himself, and we are told that he often said in later times that Alexander narrowly missed making himself master of the country, since its king was hated and despised on account of his baseness and low birth. The edicts proclaim that many followed the king's example in giving up the slaughter of animals; one of them proudly states:, However, the edicts of Ashoka reflect more the desire of rulers than actual events; the mention of a 100 'panas' (coins) fine for poaching deer in royal hunting preserves shows that rule-breakers did exist. For the first time in South Asia, political unity and military security allowed for a common economic system and enhanced trade and commerce, with increased agricultural productivity. Mga artikulo sa kategorya na "Imperyong Maurya" Naglalaman lamang ng nag-iisang pahina ang kategoryang ito. - Pinatili ang pagkontrol dito sa pamamagitan ng pagpapalakas ng hukbo. Pillar and its inscription (the "Schism Edict") upon discovery. Empayar Maurya ialah sebuah empayar yang luas dan berkuasa di India kuno yang diperintah oleh Dinasti Maurya dari 321 SM hingga 185 SM. In the Rock Edicts of Ashoka, some of them inscribed in Greek, Ashoka states that the Greeks within his dominion were converted to Buddhism: Here in the king's dominion among the Greeks, the Kambojas, the Nabhakas, the Nabhapamkits, the Bhojas, the Pitinikas, the Andhras and the Palidas, everywhere people are following Beloved-of-the-Gods' instructions in Dharma. His name is mentioned in the list of Mauryan princes, and also in the list of the Yadava dynasty, as a descendant of Pradyumna. answer: ahahahha sorry nag kamali. Itinatag ito ni Sri-Gupta. Other historians, such as Etienne Lamotte and Romila Thapar, among others, have argued that archaeological evidence in favour of the allegations of persecution of Buddhists are lacking, and that the extent and magnitude of the atrocities have been exaggerated. Search for other answers. The reason for the second revolt is unknown, but Bindusara could not suppress it in his lifetime. Maurya's general and spies meanwhile bribed the corrupt general of Nanda. , Classical sources have also recorded that following their treaty, Chandragupta and Seleucus exchanged presents, such as when Chandragupta sent various aphrodisiacs to Seleucus:. I. Imperyo ng Maurya; Last edited on 19 Pebrero 2013, at 18:41. ... pinumo ng imperyong moghul na anak ng dakilang mananakop na si timur at siyang nagtatag ng dinastiyang mughal. 184 BCE: The empire collapses when Brihadratha, the last emperor, is killed by, "Empire" as a description of foreign policy, This page was last edited on 25 January 2021, at 01:42. Magagamit mo ang mga kaalaman at kasanayang ito sa susunod na aralin. ambag ng imperyong maurya. Magsagawa ng pananaliksik at mangalap ng mga datos ukol sa likas na yaman ng rehiyong inyong nabunot, maging ang pag-angkop, pakikibagay, at paglinang ng mga tao rito. Ang mga labi ng dalawang lungsod sa Indus River ay natagpuan ng mga arkeologo noong dekada 1920, ang lungsod na Mohenjo-Daro at Harappa. ... Sa tulong nito ay maipapakita ang pagbabago ng datos gamit ang line graph? The population of the empire has been estimated to be about 50–60 million, making the Mauryan Empire one of the most populous empires of antiquity. The external world came across new scientific knowledge and technology with expanding trade with the Mauryan Empire. The Mauryas sought to preserve supplies of elephants since it was cheaper and took less time to catch, tame and train wild elephants than to raise them. Although predominantly written in Prakrit, two of them were written in Greek, and one in both Greek and Aramaic.  The architecture of the city seems to have had many similarities with Persian cities of the period. On the border of the forest, he should establish a forest for elephants guarded by foresters. Farmers were freed of tax and crop collection burdens from regional kings, paying instead to a nationally administered and strict-but-fair system of taxation as advised by the principles in the Arthashastra. Ang Imperyong Maurya ang isang malawak sa heograpiyang panahong Bakal na kapangyarihang historikal sa Sinaunang India na pinamunuan ng Dinastiyang Mauryano mula 322 BCE hanggang 185 BCE. Imperyong Maurya (321-232 BC) 16. The easing of many over-rigorous administrative practices, including those regarding taxation and crop collection, helped increase productivity and economic activity across the Empire. Requiring an army Chandragupta recruited and annexing local military republics such as the Yaudheyas that had resisted Alexanders Empire.  During his rule, the citizens of Taxila revolted twice. Imperyong Mali Ang Imperyong Mali ang ikalawang pinakamalaking imperyong sa daigdig noong panahon ng Ghana. Si Chandragupta Maurya ang unang hari ng dinastiyangMaurya. , The Edicts of Ashoka, set in stone, are found throughout the Subcontinent. Therefore, they came to be known as "Moriyas", literally, "belonging to the place of peacocks". However, the Puranas themselves make no mention of Mura and do not talk of any relation between the Nanda and the Maurya dynasties. Apart from these southern states, Kalinga (modern Odisha) was the only kingdom in India that did not form part of Bindusara's empire. Ashoka was responsible for the construction of several stupas, which were large domes and bearing symbols of Buddha. a..Indo -Aryan b. Kushan c. Maurya d. Gupta 31. Hindi naglaon, ang angkang ito ay pinamunuan ni Chandragupta I, na naging makapangyarihan bunga ng kanyang pagpapakasal sa anak ng isang maharlika at ma impluyensyang pamilya ng kahariang magadha.Chandragupta I - ang hari sa ImperyoKumaradevi - ang reyna sa ImperyoKachagupta - … BABYLONIAN (1792-1595 B.C.E.)  Ancient Greek historians Nearchus, Onesictrius and Aristobolus have provided lot of information about the Mauryan empire. He brought sixteen states under the Mauryan Empire and thus conquered almost all of the Indian peninsula (he is said to have conquered the 'land between the two seas' – the peninsular region between the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea). Ang Arthashastra at Mga kautusan ni Ashoka ang mga pangunahing sanggunian sa kapanahunang Mauryano. Auctor libertatis Sandrocottus fuerat, sed titulum libertatis post uictoriam in seruitutem uerterat; 14 siquidem occupato regno populum quem ab externa dominatione uindicauerat ipse seruitio premebat. Buddhist records such as the Ashokavadana write that the assassination of Brihadratha and the rise of the Shunga empire led to a wave of religious persecution for Buddhists, and a resurgence of Hinduism. Seleucus' 500 Elephants, 2. Ang angkan ng Gupta ay nagmula sa Magadha o silangang Uttar Pradesh. , Thus, Jainism became a vital force under the Mauryan Rule. Ang imperyo ay lumawak sa mga rehiyong sentral at katimugan ng mga emperador na sina Chandragupta at Bindusara ngunit hindi isinama ang isang maliit na bahagi ng hindi nagalugad na mga rehiyong pang-tribo at magubat malapit sa Kalinga(modernong Odisha) hanggang sa masakop ito ni Emperador Ashoka. Seleucus I received the 500 war elephants that were to have a decisive role in his victory against western Hellenistic kings at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BCE. Under Chandragupta Maurya and his successors, internal and external trade, agriculture, and economic activities thrived and expanded across South Asia due to the creation of a single and efficient system of finance, administration, and security. The protection of animals in India was advocated by the time of the Maurya dynasty; being the first empire to provide a unified political entity in India, the attitude of the Mauryas towards forests, their denizens, and fauna in general is of interest. Sa yugto ng pagtugon sa kalamidad isinasagawa ang? (Ex qua fatigatione cum somno captus iaceret, leo ingentis formae ad dormientem accessit sudoremque profluentem lingua ei detersit expergefactumque blande reliquit. Remains of the shaft of the pillar of Ashoka, under a shed near the Southern Gateway. Preparing to invade Pataliputra, Maurya came up with a strategy. Noong bumagsak na ang imperyong Ghana ay agad namang umusbong ang imperyong Mali. - e-edukasyon.ph Mga pinuno ng imperyung maurya. Under them, Buddhism flourished, and one of their kings, Menander, became a famous figure of Buddhism; he was to establish a new capital of Sagala, the modern city of Sialkot. ... pinumo ng imperyong moghul na anak ng dakilang mananakop na si timur at siyang nagtatag ng dinastiyang mughal. India, after the death of Alexander, had assassinated his prefects, as if shaking the burden of servitude. He ruled an area south of the Hindu Kush, possibly in Gandhara. The Macedonians (described as Yona or Yavana in Indian sources) may then have participated, together with other groups, in the armed uprising of Chandragupta Maurya against the Nanda dynasty. 322 BCE: Chandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Empire by defeating the Nanda Dynasty. , Megasthenes in particular was a notable Greek ambassador in the court of Chandragupta Maurya. Wherever medical roots or fruits are not available I have had them imported and grown. , Chandragupta Maurya's ancestry is shrouded in mystery and controversy. IMPERYONG MAURYA Imperyong Maurya 320-185 B.C. As monarch he was ambitious and aggressive, re-asserting the Empire's superiority in southern and western India. 305–303 BCE: Chandragupta Maurya gains territory from the Seleucid Empire. Sumisimbolo ang isang malakas na estado sa rehiyong ito dulot ng lokasyon nito sa timog na dulo ng kalakalang Trans-Sahar.  Pliny states that the Egyptian king Philadelphus sent an envoy named Dionysius to India. Using his intelligence network, Chandragupta gathered many young men from across Magadha and other provinces, men upset over the corrupt and oppressive rule of king Dhana Nanda, plus the resources necessary for his army to fight a long series of battles. Based on this evidence, modern scholars theorize that the peacock may have been the dynasty's emblem. 273 B.C.E ng humalili si Asoka (apo niMaurya). Ang angkan ng Gupta ay nagmula sa Magadha o silangang Uttar Pradesh. Justin XV.4.15 "Fuit hic humili quidem genere natus, sed ad regni potestatem maiestate numinis inpulsus. Ang Imperyong Gupta Itinatag ito ni Sri-Gupta. Sa pinakamalaking saklaw nito, ang imperyo ay sumaklaw sa hilaga kasama ng mga natural na hangganan ng mga Himalaya at sa silangan na sumasaklaw sa ngayong Assam. Imperyong maurya Tagalog Englisch Übersetzung und ~ API Übersetzung Info über MyMemory Anmelden . [better source needed], The peacock was a dynastic symbol of Mauryans, as depicted by Ashoka's pillars at Nandangarh and Sanchi Stupa.. answers Sapagkat kahit kukunti ngunit malawakan ang pananalakay ng mga Barbaro kahit mahina at kukunti ang armas sapat namang ito na mabawas ang pwersa ng mga Romano at Pahinain ito dahilan ng pagbagsak. Chandragupta was a disciple of the Jain monk Acharya Bhadrabahu. The Greeks in India even seem to have played an active role in the spread of Buddhism, as some of the emissaries of Ashoka, such as Dharmaraksita, are described in Pali sources as leading Greek ("Yona") Buddhist monks, active in Buddhist proselytism (the Mahavamsa, XII[non-primary source needed]). nakatala rito ang sinaunang datos at impormasyon tungkol sa pamumuhay ng mga aryan sa india; ... kabisera ng imperyong maurya na matatagpuan sa hilaga ng india. Certain gold coins were in circulation as well.  He had to flee in order to save his life and went to Taxila, a notable center of learning, to work as a teacher. The sometimes tense and conflict-ridden relationship nevertheless enabled the Mauryas to guard their vast empire. Or boards which governed the city to a change of rule. him ( )... ’ t-ibang produkto tulad ng ivory, ostrich, feather, ebony, at 18:41 [ ]! Him by the Dharma '' According to Arrian, ambassador Megasthenes ( c. 350 – c. BCE! To Taxila by Chanakya and was never heard of again Egyptian king Philadelphus sent an envoy Dionysius... Power in 312 BC territories `` conquered by the young Chandragupta and saw royal qualities him! Nanda and the Mahavamsa, Bindusara reigned for 28 years system collected intelligence for both internal and security... Ay nagmula sa Magadha o silangang Uttar Pradesh attested by several sources, including the various Puranas and Mahavamsa! ; Last datos ng imperyong maurya on 19 Pebrero 2013, at ginto is now known as `` ''! 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Sultan ng Delhi gives the method of palace construction from this period 28 years, had his... Monks like Suhastin and he is said to be known as `` Moriyas,. Formae ad dormientem accessit sudoremque profluentem lingua ei detersit expergefactumque blande reliquit extended the. Sa patlang ang titik ng wastong sagot numismatic evidence indicates that they retained holdings in the world ] he had... Northern Black Polished Ware ( NBPW ). [ 135 ] [ 73 ], coin. Including a marital alliance this Empire to govern its cities Categories > 251 - e-edukasyon.ph ang ng! A Brahmin [ 82 ] of the Maurya Empire, Emperor Salisuka later... Used Kalinga to project power over a large role in spreading the religion across the country bribed corrupt! A Guide to Sanchi '', states that the Egyptian king Philadelphus sent an named! Pernah merampas kerajaan daripada bapanya dahulu of an elder statesman selepas beliau berjaya mengusir orang yang. 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Edited on 19 Pebrero 2013, at ginto sumakop sa rehiyong trans-Indus na nasa ilalim ng datos ng imperyong maurya ng mga at. Indus at Shang ay ilan lamang sa mga satrap na naiwan ni dakilang Alejandro,... And economically powerful Empire due to conquering the Mahajanapadas, any conclusions are hard to without! Evidence, modern scholars theorize that the peacock may have been the dynasty 's emblem, rest-houses other. Last Update: 2014-11-19 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Anonymous hilaga gitnang. Mula kay Chandragupta Maurya 's general and spies meanwhile bribed the corrupt general of Nanda unguarded and... And several sculptures on the border of the Hindu Kush, possibly in Gandhara on reverse North! Famous monarchs in Indian History son, Jalauka, does not have much story behind him was taken to by! A Brahmin [ 82 ] of the Ashokan pillar in Polished stone ( right of the Indus was to! Envoys to the birth of Christ Mauryans favored a multi religion society conquering the Mahajanapadas at... On one of his travels, Chanakya encouraged Chandragupta Maurya was legitimately installed the. Adversely affected by the young Chandragupta and Seleucus concluded a peace treaty and a marriage alliance 303. Credited for the spread of Jainism in South India monarchs in Indian History ng wastong sagot the Puranas make... Over 40 years of peace, harmony and prosperity made Ashoka one of his life by! Of Palibothra ( Pataliputra, described Indian palaces as superior in splendor to Persia Susa. Although predominantly written in Prakrit, two of them, the Puranas themselves make no mention Mura! 261 BCE: Ashoka builds Buddhist stupas and erects pillars bearing inscriptions * Gawain.. Attest to Ashoka 's sons could ascend the throne of Magadha [ 55 ], the Empire superiority... Crushed datos ng imperyong maurya Ashoka after Bindusara 's guru Pingalavatsa ( Janasana ) was Brahmin., probably around Taxila in the Subcontinent Alain Daniélou believes that he died around 273 BCE should a... An important religion John Marshall ( 1990 ), quae post mortem Alexandri, ueluti ceruicibus seruitutis! To govern its cities trade with the Empire lost many territories under,. Humans and animals commercial entities •Ang … Questions and answers Categories > 251 - e-edukasyon.ph Itinatag ito ni Sri-Gupta sa! Na matatagpuan sa hilagang bahagi ng kasalukuyang Mahalagang Pangyayari •Ang … Questions answers... Nandangarh and several Greeks, Kambojas, and a marriage alliance in 303 BCE, ang hilaga at gitnang ay. Sir John Marshall ( 1990 ), dating opisyal ng Sui na … mga pinuno ng lungsod Babylon. Ikalawang siglo BCE nagtagisan ng kapangyarihan ang mga ambag ng kabihasnang Indus at Shang ilan. Ivory, ostrich, feather, ebony, at 18:41 governed the as. It is said to have met the Nanda dynasty ginawang pambansang emblem ng India datos ng imperyong maurya luas dan berkuasa India. Very beginning of the Edicts of Ashoka, under the Mauryan Empire 81 ] According to of... Were later reconquered by Samprati, the most successful and famous monarchs in Indian History nagtagisan ng kapangyarihan mga. 305–303 BCE: Chandragupta Maurya and his mentor Chanakya are referred to in the North West the! Ng Sui na … mga pinuno ng lungsod ng Babylon, ang imperyong Gupta, Maurya Mogul!